Best Coffee Bean 2019 • 9 Coffee Beans Reviews
The best cup of coffee comes from freshly ground coffee beans. Our team identified the best coffee beans after studying numerous consumer reviews, taste tests and caffeination levels.
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What are coffee beans?
Coffee beans are actually the coffee plant’s seed, found inside the coffee cherry, the center part of the fruit of the coffee plant. The cherry may hold two half-beans, or half-seeds. Rarely, a coffee plant has a whole bean. Called peaberry coffee beans, they comprise one to seven percent. Most of the outer skin of coffee cherry gets discarded before roasting.
How do coffee beans work?
Coffee beans go through nine steps to become ground coffee that you can brew. During wet season, farmers plant unprocessed coffee seeds in vast beds. These grow into trees which may be harvested by hand or machine three to four years after planting.
A farmer may use strip picking or selective picking methods. Next comes the processing by wet or dry method. This removes the pulp from the coffee cherry. The coffee beans are then dried to about 11 percent moisture content so the farmer can mill them. This involves hulling, polishing, grading and sorting them.
Once milled, the green beans , as they are called, get bagged into jute or sisal totes then placed into shipping containers.
At their destination, a professional coffee taster, called a cupper, tastes the coffee beans. Following a visual inspection, the cupper grinds a small sample of the coffee beans and brews a cup of coffee. The coffee then gets judged on its aroma and taste.
The coffee beans that pass this aroma and taste test move on to the final step – roasting. This process turns the green beans into the brown beans consumers known best. The roasting takes place in ovens set to 550 degrees Fahrenheit in which the coffee beans are constantly turned over to keep them from burning.
What types of coffee beans are there?
There are three main types of coffee beans – Arabica, Liberica and Robusta. Arabica has four chromosome sets. Liberica and Robusta have two chromosome sets.Within those types, the beans vary by growing location. Arabica beans grown in Ethiopian coffee taste of berries, in Indonesia and India coffee beans take on an earthy flavor, and in Central America, they acquire a chocolate or citrus flavor.
Robusta beans are often used for espresso blends. They feature a higher caffeine content than Arabica. While Arabia beans are often sold alone, Robusta are used to enhance other products.
The Big Coffee Bean Buyer's Guide
Brewing a cup of coffee like those from a coffeehouse requires practice, the right equipment and quality coffee beans.
Five common coffee bean issues.
Even the best growing areas experience issues at one time or another. These five common issues can hurt or destroy a coffee bean.
- As with other growth crops, poor weather can wreck a coffee bean crop. This can cause shortages in beans as it did in 2017 when heavy rains in Vietnam destroyed the best of the Robusta crop. This created a shortage of premium Robusta in Europe that year. Drought also affects growth, leaving beans pale, lightweight and oddly shaped.
- Poor processing methods can leave debris like dirt and twigs in the coffee beans while they dry. They may remain in the beans without getting cleaned out before shipping.
- Coffee beans may contract various diseases such as the fungal diseases for Coffee Leaf Rust (CLR), Coffee Berry Disease (CBD) and Coffee Berry Borer (CBB).
- Pests also cause problems for coffee bean crops. The Antestia bug damages the plant and bean growth, resulting in shriveled beans which may appear discolored, sometimes blackened.
- 5. In wet processing, coffee can over ferment which causes the bean to result in an onion-like or sour flavor.
Best Testing Methods for Coffee Bean Freshness
Nobody wants to purchase coffee beans, get them home and find out that they taste terrible. Yuck. It’s wasted money, time and a terrible taste. It’s best to review the beans in the store first, if possible. Test the beans for freshness in the store using this three step method.
- Roasting draws moisture and oils to the surface of the bean resulting in a glossy appearance. Fresh beans still appear glossy. After they have been sitting awhile, they turn dull.
- Fresh beans have some oils still on their exterior. The consumer can seem these oils on the bag of beans’ interior.
- Fresh beans exhibit an intense aroma. Smell the beans. They best coffee beans should present a strong smell.
The best coffee shops that sell whole beans, offer samples in the store. Simply ask the salesperson or barista to craft a taste test of the beans. Most shops let the customer sample more than one coffee bean flavor to determine which they like best. The barista will measure a small amount of the beans.
If the coffee shop did not offer in-store testing, conduct the same small sample test at home. When arriving home, it is best to avoid the temptation to make a huge pot of coffee right away. Instead, use the procedure discussed above and test the beans for aroma and taste. It's best to cleanse your palate between coffee tastings, just as you would with wine tasting.
Top 10 Brands of Coffee Beans
Allow us to provide these short reviews of the top ten coffee beans. We provide a mix of the tastiest, most affordable beans. We examine regular coffee, organic, fair-trade, and Kona so consumers can quickly determine the best choice for them. We did not include a best peaberry in the reviews since we could not locate one consistently for sale.
- Death Wish
- Koffee Kult
- Don Pablo
- Imagine Coffee
- Blue Horse
- Kicking Horse
- Coffee Bean Direct
- Two Volcanoes
Best Coffee Bean Random Facts
- Once a discarded remnant, the leftover coffee cherry now gets turned into three different products. About 10 percent of the time it becomes fertilizer. Otherwise, it becomes Cascara tea or coffee flour.
- Stored in valve-seal bags, you can store whole bean coffee for up to four weeks without losing flavor. It will perform best within two weeks.
- Bagged or canned coffee beans sold in supermarkets often contain many robusta a term referring to low quality Arabica coffee beans and coffee beans from past crops.
- Robusta beans result in a tighter crema, greater strength and smoke than Arabica beans.
- About 20 percent of the world coffee crops are Robusta, while 75 to 80 percent are Arabica.
- Coffee trees grow to 16 to 33 feet (5 to 10 meters) in height. As they age, the trees produce less branches, but more fruits and leaves.
- Coffee cherries are edible. They are sometimes served as a snack.
- The nation of Brazil grows the most coffee beans.
- A review of US crops shows Hawaii and California are the only two US states that grow coffee. The majority of the country has the wrong climate for its cultivation.
- Coffee drinkers who consume a moderate amount of three to four cups per day live longer. Coffee consumption has been linked to a reduced risk of: cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and Parkinson's disease.
Frequently Asked Questions
How important are coffee beans to the quality of a cup of coffee?
The quality of a cup of coffee depends on five factors:
- quality of the coffee bean,
- quality of water,
- how long ago the coffee was roasted,
- how long ago the beans were ground,
- brewing equipment cleanliness.
How much do coffee beans high quality coffee beans cost?
While good beans cost between $15 to $30 per pound, the price does go higher. The most expensive coffee in the world costs more than $600 per pound. The smooth taste of kopi luwak comes from its unusual processing.
Are coffee beans illegal anywhere?
Coffee has been made illegal in the past but is currently legal worldwide. In 1511, Mecca outlawed it as stimulant – for radical thinking. In Italy, in the 16th-century, Italian clergymen banned coffee as satanic.
Pope Clement VII saved coffee lovers everywhere by lifting the ban and baptizing coffee in 1600. For a bit of the 18th century, Sweden illegalized coffee, plus coffee cups and dishes.
Can a person overdose on coffee?
Theoretically, a person could overdose on coffee, but it would take grinding a lot of coffee beans and brewing quite a few pots. An adult would need to consume 30 cups of coffee in a very short time to consume a lethal dose.
How many calories does a cup of coffee contain?
A single cup of black coffee contains one calorie. People make coffee fattening by adding sugar, cream and syrups.We hope that this buyer’s guide and its reviews help consumers obtain the best coffee beans for them.
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