Best Diving Mask 2019 • 0 Diving Masks Reviews
What is a diving mask?
A Diving mask is part of ABC diving equipment. This basic equipment of a diver consists of diving mask, snorkel and flippers. The diving mask serves the mechanical protection of the eye area under water, but is also indispensable for physiological reasons. The human eye is focused on seeing above water. In the water a diver can only see blurred because of the different refractive index in the water. A diving mask creates an air cushion between the eye and the water, so that the underwater world is clearly and sharply perceived by the eye. This results in a magnification effect. Distances appear shorter and all objects a third larger. This effect has to be considered by the recreational diver when using a diving mask.
Dive masks for recreational divers have a single continuous glass or two separate glasses. Some diving masks have additional side glasses. The diving mask is pressed close to the diver's face by a rubber or silicone band. Diving masks made of two parts can be equipped with ground glasses to compensate a defective vision of the diver. In some masks, correction lenses can also be glued to the flat original lenses from the inside using a special adhesive. A harness ensures that the mask sits tightly and securely on the diver's face. A diving mask has one or more elastic fastening straps that hold it in position.
The basic requirements for a diving mask are waterproofness, good ergonomics and a comfortable fit. This must be taken into account when purchasing a diving mask:
- Easy and safe possibility of adaptation. All closures should be easy to handle.
- The mask should lie comfortably without causing pressure points. The nasal orifice must also fit comfortably.
- The diving mask must be tight all around and should be able to move with all movements.
- The field of view must be large enough for the diver in the vertical and horizontal direction and should provide a good overview.
- The mask should be easy to remove and replace.
Due to the importance of a good fit, the dive mask should be carefully selected. The choice of mask type is also a question of personal preference. Also the purpose and the diving area preferred by the sport diver play a role in the choice of a diving mask.
Diving masks with 2 glasses have a smaller volume than diving masks with continuous sight glass, because the glasses are smaller and sit closer to the diver's face. A small volume is convenient, as the mask can be blown out more easily in the event of water ingress. Many providers of twin-glass masks offer diving masks that can be equipped with corrected lenses in the required diopter numbers.
How does a dive mask work?
A dive mask consists of different parts. In order for the diving mask to satisfy the diver in every respect, all components must be of high quality and harmoniously matched to each other. The design of the diving mask should be based on the diver's needs. The following aspects are decisive for the proper functioning of the diving mask:
Each sport diver, leisure diver and snorkeler attaches importance to a free and distortion-free view . The beauty of the underwater world can only be captured with high quality glasses. The glazing of a modern diving mask consists of tempered glass or laminated glass. Plexiglas, which was often used in the past, is hardly used for diving masks because of its scratch sensitivity.
The orbit of the nose
Unlike swimming goggles, the frame of the diving mask includes the nose. The nose is accommodated in a flexible nasal orbiter. This allows the diver to squeeze the nose during the dive and equalize the pressure.
The glazing of a diving mask is usually not aligned at a parallel angle to the eye plane. Diving masks with slightly downward inclined lenses have two advantages. On the one hand, the internal volume of the mask is reduced, which facilitates the blowing out of the mask. Second, a negative angle enlarges the lower visual field. In other words, it's easier to look down. For this purpose, the lower part of the diving mask socket is indented towards the cheekbones.
One Glass Mask, Twin Glass Mask, Multi Glass Mask and Snorkel Mask
Diving masks either have a single glass or have separate viewing glasses. Single lens masks offer a large field of view, but unlike twin lens masks cannot be equipped with optical lenses. Two-glass masks score points with a small volume and are almost as streamlined as swimming goggles. A multi-glass mask has additional lateral lenses and offers the diver a large field of view, but the greater apron depth also increases the volume of the mask. The snorkel mask has a continuous, curved glass and is designed as a full face mask. This mask integrates a snorkel and provides a horizontal field of view up to 180°. The air is supplied via a snorkel attached to the upper edge of the mask. Unlike the combination of a half mask and snorkel, the diver does not have to bite a mouthpiece all the time.
The mask bands must press the diving mask tightly on the face, but should not cause an unpleasant feeling of pressure. Most suppliers use silicone bands for this, which in combination with silicone facial pads create a comfortable wearing feeling. Some models have two-piece mask straps, which are intended to guarantee a particularly tight fit of the mask. Even with rapid head movements, little or no water should penetrate the mask.
Frame of a diving mask
For most diving masks, all components such as lenses, mask straps and straps can be removed from the frame for cleaning and repair. A simple disassembly facilitates the insertion of corrected glasses. However, there are also frameless diving masks in which a reinforced silicone rubber ensures the cohesion of all parts. Frameless diving masks are easy to transport due to their slimness and flexibility. One disadvantage is their reduced stability, which can result in a poorer fit. The lenses of frameless diving masks cannot be exchanged for correction lenses.
Bars and Buckles
Every human being has a different head shape. Good diving masks adapt to almost any anatomy. There is only a limitation for the head size, therefore special diving masks are available for children.
Diving mask tape
Many divers find the handling of the diving mask uncomfortable, as the hair on the back of the head can be caught when removing the diving mask, which can be painful. A diving mask band picks up the strap of the diving mask and lies down on the hair to protect it. Due to the comfortable support, the belt can also be tensioned a little more, which benefits the sealing of the diving mask.
Care of the diving mask
The mask should be rinsed with warm fresh water after each dive. If immersed in salt water, all salts must be removed. The mask should then be placed in a shady place to dry.
Advantages & Application areas
Even if dives can theoretically be performed without a diving mask, diving without a mask is not recommended.
The wide range of diving masks ensures that every diver will find the suitable diving maske for themselves. The proven classic among diving masks is the half mask with nose orifice. The half mask is available with continuous glass as well as with two glasses. The nasal orifice, which is separated from the eye area, permits rapid pressure equalization. Every diver knows the unpleasant feeling of pressure in the ears, which is caused by the greater water pressure in the depth. At a depth of 10 m, the water pressure is already 2 bar and is thus twice as high as at sea level. The simpler diving goggles from past decades had no nose orifice and included the nose in an oval shaped frame. This not only made it impossible to equalize the pressure, but also led to fogging of the sight glass during exhalation through the nose. Such diving goggles are no longer produced today.
What types of diving mask are there? (incl. advantages and disadvantages)
A good diving mask increases the pleasure of Diving and is no longer consciously perceived by the recreational diver after some time. If you have an uncomfortable sitting or leaking mask, you should not shy away from investing in a new diving mask. With the comparison test winner from the dive mask test 2019 a beginner in diving does not take any risk. With the Dive mask comparison test winner it is easy to dive and snorkel.
Also for safety reasons only a high quality diving mask should be used. Diving is a fascinating sport, but it also has certain dangers. A tight and comfortable diving mask is also a safety feature. For divers with ametropia, corrected lenses in the diving mask improve orientation.
For beginners in diving it is not easy to choose the right diving mask. The agony of choice already begins with the design of the diving mask. Typical questions are:
Is a single glass mask or a double glass mask better?
Should I reach for a half mask or a snorkel mask?
Which diving mask can be equipped with corrected lenses?
At what price do I get a reasonable quality?
In single-glass masks the separating nasal bridge is missing.
Snorkel masks have an integrated snorkel attachment and are designed as a full mask. Through their large panoramic glass, they open up a fascinating view of the surroundings. Most snorkel masks have a one-piece curved sight glass. However, as the Dive Mask Test 2019 showed, the curvature of some snorkel masks can also cause unpleasant distortions. Some snorkel masks designed for those with ametropia have prismatic glazing, which makes them suitable for use with corrected lenses. Snorkel masks almost always have a mounting option for setting up an action camera.
Conventional diving masks have a stable frame to which parts such as lenses, aprons and straps are attached. This construction facilitates the cleaning of the diving mask, since the mask can be disassembled for cleaning. The dismantling also makes the installation of spare parts possible. Damaged glasses can be replaced and, if necessary, also replaced by corrected glasses.
For frameless diving masks the silicone skirt is formed around the other components and holds them together. Frameless masks are slim, lightweight and provide a comfortable wearing experience. Thanks to their flexibility, they can also be stowed in small bags.
With the exception of snorkel masks, which are designed as full face masks and are recommended for snorkeling in shallow water, all diving masks have a nose bayonet. The nasal orifice is designed to be flexible so that the nose can be held under water for pressure equalization.
A diving mask can provide with good care over many years for a large diving pleasure. After a dive in salt water, rinse the mask with clear water to remove any salt residue. Although most diving masks are rugged and the lenses are made of tough tempered glass, they should not be exposed to falls from great heights. Also the depositing of the diving mask in the sand is to be avoided, because otherwise micro-fine scratches form fast in the glasses. To dry the diving mask, choose a shady place, as full sunlight will clog the material and reduce the tightness of the mask.
This is how we tested the diving masks
Diving masks are also used in indoor and outdoor swimming pools, but their main application area is open water. Therefore a dive mask must also cope with saline water. The decisive factors for the user are high wearing comfort, absolute tightness and a large field of vision. In Dive Mask Test we checked which diving masks fulfilled all requirements and whether large brand names could keep what they promised.
Both laboratory tests and field tests with test persons were used to check the tightness. The diving masks should remain dense to a depth of 10 meters – greater depths are rarely reached by recreational divers. Due to the increasing water pressure a diving mask is pressed more and more firmly on the face of the diver with increasing diving depth, therefore this test point did not represent a big hurdle for the test candidates.
Good diving masks remain tight even in shallow water and with violent head movements and do not allow water to penetrate. Since many beginners prefer to romp around in shallow waters, much attention was paid to this test point.
The nasal orifice of the diving mask should be easy to reach in the Dive Mask Test 2019 and easy to close. We checked how much space the nose bay offers and whether divers with large noses felt cramped.
Diving masks are not only used in summer temperatures, but also in ice water by hard-boiled divers. We tested how the material coped with temperatures around 0° Celsius and whether the diving masks could be handled well with clammy fingers.
Short information about leading manufacturers of diving masks
- Aqua Lung
- Aqua Sphere
Internet vs. specialized trade: where do I best buy my diving mask?
Often an upcoming holiday is the reason for Purchasing a diving mask. Many holidaymakers not only want to lie on the beach in southern climes, but also snorkel in crystal clear water and explore the underwater world. Colourful tropical fish and sun-drenched coral reefs attract more and more hobby divers. Anyone looking for a diving mask or a snorkel set in a specialist shop hopes for expert advice from the sales staff. Unfortunately, this is often not far off. The sellers usually give general tips for diving and snorkeling, but are rarely familiar with all the models on the market. Often the offered diving masks are in a blister pack and cannot be taken out for trying on. But even if it is possible to put on a diving mask in the shop, this says little about factors such as waterproofness and wearing comfort. Whether a diving mask is squeezing or is perceived as uncomfortable, only
on dives. It also remains open whether the diving mask tends to fog up under water. Due to the different refractive index in the water and the different lighting conditions, it is not even possible to conclusively assess the field of view. And there is another aspect that has to be taken into account when buying from a specialist shop: the suppliers often only carry a limited range, as not all manufacturers and all models can be kept in the shop in view of the large range.
The alternative to the shop purchase is the online purchase of the diving mask. Disadvantage is that the mask can only be examined on pictures and possibly in the video. However, the network offers a lot of information, ratings and forum entries that make it easier to rate diving masks. If a diving mask is rated positively by many customers, this indicates a good product. A customer who relies on a current dive mask test 2019 is even more secure. In the Dive Mask Test you can quickly see which dive masks are at the top in terms of processing quality and practical testing.
The history of the diving mask
The human desire to see clearly and sharply even when diving in water is old. It was recognized early on that an air cushion in front of the eyes enables clear vision under water, even if the physical connections were not recognized for a long time. Pearl divers of the past centuries used bamboo racks that were placed over their heads and carefully submerged to keep air bubbles trapped in front of their eyes.
In the 19th century, the first diving suits were developed, which were still equipped with heavy diving helmets. Despite their high weight and relatively low mobility, diving helmets are still in use today. The diving helmet MK5 developed in the year 1905 by the US Navy was used with slight changes up to the year 1980. Diving masks only emerged when diving experienced its first boom in the 30s of the 20th century. Progress in the processing of materials such as rubber, silicone and plastic was a prerequisite for the development of diving masks.
The first diving masks had an oval shape and a one-piece flat disc. The nose was enclosed by these masks and on some models could be closed by two depressions in the apron edge for the purpose of pressure compensation. The diving mask with central, flat glass dominated the market for many years. Two-lens masks with a nasal orifice, which are among the most popular models today, did not appear until the introduction of swimming goggles in the 1970s.
Since the swimming goggles introduced in the 70s were equipped with separate lenses from the very beginning, the idea was obvious to use the advantages of dual lenses and small volume for diving masks as well. For this purpose, the lenses were made larger and the spectacle frame was supplemented by a nose orifice. In recent years, numerous other variants have emerged.
Numbers, data, facts about the diving mask
As a rule, a diving mask has no metallic parts. Hardened tempered glass or laminated glass is usually chosen for the glazing. Belts and aprons on most diving masks are made of silicone. Silicone has proven itself in swimming and diving as a material for swimming goggles and diving masks and, thanks to its flexibility, fits closely to the face skin. Silicone is an extremely skin-friendly material.
Even with high-quality diving masks, a small amount of water can penetrate from time to time. This is normal and you usually do not need to interrupt the dive. Raise the apron a little at the bottom of the mask and blow air into it. The air displaces the penetrated water and the mask is again free of water.
To find the matching mask, the user's facial shape should not be ignored. Because a good fit is decisive for tightness. The diving mask is pressed onto the face on land without putting on the strap. If the mask remains in place, even if the head is slightly shaken, this indicates a good and tight fit. If, on the other hand, the mask falls off quickly or gaps are visible between the silicone overlay and the face, another model should be used.
Diving mask vs. snorkel set
Many diving masks are sold together with a snorkel as Schnorchelset. A snorkel allows breathing at shallow depth even under water. In general, diving mask and snorkel can also be used individually, but both parts of the snorkel set are coordinated with each other. The snorkel can be attached to the side of the apron of the diving mask, so that a secure hold during snorkeling is given. If the snorkel slips out of the diver's mouth, the snorkel still remains connected to the diving mask.
If a snorkel from another manufacturer is purchased at a later date, the snorkel can also be clamped under the head strap. Like diving mask and fins, the snorkel is part of the diver's ABC basic equipment. The snorkel must not exceed a length of 35 cm, since a longer snorkel would cause dangerous pendulum breathing due to the water pressure on the chest. Snorkelers therefore move close to the water surface and enjoy the underwater world. Some snorkel models have a valve to prevent water from entering if the diving depth is too deep or the waves are too strong. On models without a valve, however, the water can simply be blown out.
With snorkel masks, diving mask and snorkel are integrated in one unit. Innovative snorkel masks like the Easybreath model have a secure construction and allow undisturbed snorkeling pleasure. The airflow for inhalation and exhalation is inside the mask and on separate paths. The tiring “biting” on the snorkel end is no longer necessary. When diving down, the air inlet closes with a valve so that no water penetrates into the mask.
Snorkel masks are consistently designed for snorkeling pleasure in shallow water. They have a large, panorama-like glass and usually also a attachment for an action camera.
What kind of diving masks are there?
The beginner to diving can choose from a large number of diving masks and models. Diving masks are distinguished according to their type of construction. There are Single-glass masks, Twin-glass masks and Multi-glass masks with glasses embedded laterally in the mask. There are also snorkel masks on the market that integrate a snorkel into the mask. In contrast to the other diving masks, snorkel masks are constructed as full face masks. A further distinguishing feature are dive masks with frame and frameless dive masks. Both variants have advantages and disadvantages, but for beginners a diving mask with frame is recommended.
With which diving mask can you best see?
Single glass masks offer an uninterrupted view due to the missing middle bar, but the use of a single or double glass mask is also a matter of habit. Many recreational divers who use a twin-glass mask do not even notice the middle bridge after some time. A particularly large field of vision is offered by the snorkel mask with curved or prismatic glazing. However, snorkel masks are only suitable for deeper dives to a limited extent.
Which diving mask is recommended for people with visual impairment?
Under a diving mask, glasses should not be worn for a number of reasons. Contact lens wearers can use any diving mask without restriction. If you have only a slight ametropia, you should test step by step whether you feel safe under water without visual aids and whether you can read watches or other instruments correctly. Otherwise you should use a diving mask with corrected lenses. Corrected glasses can be inserted or glued into many double-glass masks. Also some snorkel masks can be equipped with optical glasses.
A cheap diving mask is enough for the beginning?
Diving is always about safety, so it is not advisable to buy an inferior diving mask, no matter how tempting the price may be.
How do I find the best diving mask for me?
Before purchasing a diving mask, you should consider your preferred use. Would you like to snorkel in shallow water or dive deeper from time to time? In the first case a snorkel set or a snorkel mask is recommended. Once you've narrowed down your selection for a type of diving mask, you can quickly determine which masks to prefer by looking at reviews and forum entries on the Internet. A current dive mask test is particularly meaningful. If you are guided by the comparison test winner, play it safe.
A diving mask is ready for use immediately after purchase, but some additional items can increase the fun of Diving. Diving masks are often offered in combination with a bag or box to facilitate transport and keep the diving mask safe.
If the diving mask was purchased without a snorkel, it can be purchased later. The snorkel prolongs your stay in the water and provides great pleasure in a charming underwater landscape. With a snorkel, you can swim longer distances without lifting your head out of the water.
A complete ABC diving equipment includes fins. The fins effectively convert the muscle power of the legs and allow comprehensive manoeuvring under water. Fins are available in numerous designs. Many providers also carry fins suitable for children and young people. A relatively new trend are monofins, which allow a similar movement of fish and dolphins under water. With a monofin, both feet are in a common, big fin. The locomotion takes place through a leg impact, as it is usual with the swimming style butterfly. High speeds can be achieved with a monofin. Diving with a monofin is relatively strenuous for beginners and maneuvering is cumbersome, therefore beginners in diving conventional fins are recommended.
Alternatives to diving mask
Many divers are enthusiastic swimmers at the same time. Swimmers use swimming goggles for the same reason divers use a diving mask: they want to see clearly in the water and protect their eyes. Chlorine protection also plays an important role in swimming goggles, as in contrast to diving masks, these goggles are mainly used in indoor and outdoor swimming pools. Many divers put on swimming goggles in addition to the diving mask. Swimming goggles are divided into suction cup goggles, swedish goggles and swimming masks. A swimming mask has a field of vision similar to that of a diving mask and is available as a single lens mask or a twin lens mask. The decisive difference is the missing nose orifice, therefore the swimming mask is no substitute for a diving mask. Generally swimming goggles are not designed for greater diving depths and should only be used for swimming.
Who begins as advanced diver with the scuba diving, decides mostly for a full mask. With full face masks, the regulator for the compressed air device is connected directly to the mask. The full mask offers the Scuba Diver the greatest possible freedom so that he can concentrate on his underwater project. Full face masks are mainly used by professional divers and often have a device for radiotelephony. Many scuba divers are photographers, cave divers or naturalists.
Surface-supplied diving helmets are still used for certain areas of application. Modern diving helmets are available as free-flow helmets and demand helmets. In combination with a dry diving suit, these helmets can also be used for diving under extreme conditions and in heavily polluted or oil-contaminated waters. The use of these helmets is reserved for professionals.